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2021“一带一路”国家基建指数发布

国际基建指数企稳 业务复苏仍存挑战

澳门2021年7月22日 /美通社/ — 7月22日,在澳门举办的第十二届“国际基础设施投资与建设高峰论坛”上,中国对外承包工程商会房秋晨会长和中国出口信用保险公司张辉副总经理共同发布2021年度“一带一路”国家基础设施发展指数和《指数报告(2021)》。这是澳门国际基建论坛自2017年以来连续第5次发布“一带一路”基建指数,该指数已成为反映国际基建市场走势和风险的“风向标”和“晴雨表”。

在发布仪式上,房秋晨会长简要介绍了2021年度“一带一路”国家基础设施发展的新特点:一是,总指数止跌回升,但基建发展仍面临挑战。受各国经济缓慢复苏等因素影响,沿线国家基础设施恢复性发展态势逐步显现,总指数由2020年的110回升至113,但仍处在近10年低位,各国基础设施发展全面复苏仍受到多重挑战。二是,东南亚指数保持领先,葡语国家指数显著回升。得益于旺盛的基建需求,东南亚地区基础设施发展势头强劲,以125的得分在地区排名中保持首位。葡语国家受经济复苏和产业政策拉动,指数显著回升,区域排名升至第三。从国别来看,印度尼西亚、马来西亚、菲律宾指数分列前三,巴西蝉联葡语国家指数排名之首。三是,民生类基础设施建设明显加快,基建开发偏好有所变化。为应对疫情挑战,扩大社会就业、刺激经济成为各国基建投资的普遍诉求。房建、医疗卫生等民生类项目成为“一带一路”国家基建计划优先支持的领域。同时,可在短期内见效的中小型基建项目更受青睐。四是,碳中和引领基建发展新方向,新能源成为优先发展领域。为尽早实现碳中和目标,“一带一路”沿线国家政府积极推动新能源建设,着力优化能源结构。众多金融机构宣布停止为化石能源项目提供融资支持,转而加大新能源项目的支持力度,风电、光伏等可再生能源项目发展进入快车道。五是,区域性贸易协定促进基建合作升级,为各方带来更多发展机遇。随着RCEP等区域性贸易协定的签署,相关国家基建市场开放度进一步提高,外商投资和准入门槛有所降低,将激发各国在房建、产业园区、电力能源等领域的基建需求,合作前景广阔。六是,环境、社会和治理(ESG管理)成为国际基建合作新要求。为控制投融资风险、助力全球可持续发展,基建企业ESG 评级与项目ESG 管理水平已成为国际金融机构和投资者为基础设施项目提供资金支持的重要考量因素。

房秋晨会长表示,2021年度指数研究揭示了新形势下“一带一路”国家基础设施发展面临的风险和挑战。其中:新冠疫情及其衍生风险的影响,安全和政治风险对项目建设的潜在威胁,通胀压力和汇率波动推高的企业财务风险,极端天气与自然灾害对基建项目影响等应给予高度重视。他并建议各方:加强政府间合作,落实已建立或签署的多边合作协议;提升金融机构协同能力,加快规则互认、健全合作平台,满足各方融资需求;强化企业综合实力,提高属地化经营、风险防控、ESG管理水平;优化企业业务结构,把握绿色发展方向,提高“一带一路”基建合作水平。

为全面反映新冠疫情背景下“一带一路”国家基础设施发展情况。承包商会联合中国出口信用保险公司,继续沿用国际组织通行做法,区分基准、乐观、悲观三种情景测算指数;在分析“一带一路”国家基础设施总体风险基础上,增加对重点地区和热点行业的风险提示;新增72家美、法、日、韩等国际承包商业务情况的对比研究,对8个葡语国家基建发展的新变化以及澳门特区参与“一带一路”建设的最新成果进行了全面总结分析。“一带一路”基建指数配套的30余篇重点国别的指数分析报告也将于年底前发布。

SOURCE 国际基础设施投资与建设高峰论坛

CONTACT: Meng Xianguang, 18630699565, mengxg@chinca.org

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